ECIR 2011, hosted in Dublin, Ireland, is over. It was a great week with lots of opportunities for scientific exchange, discussion and the occasional pint of fresh Guinness.
While there was a large number of interesting publications presented at the conference, this is a short list of my personal favourite talks:
- Stephen Robertson – On the Contribution of Topics to System Evaluation
An analysis of the usefulness of given topics for IR system evaluation. The conclusion is, that there does not seem to be a general property that makes a topic more or less discriminative in terms of system evaluation. An interesting example of a “negative results paper” constructing a strong case and being accepted for publication.
- Jaime Arguello et al. – A Methodology for Evaluating Aggregated Search Results (Best Student Paper)
A method for evaluation of search interfaces that aggregate results from multiple verticals based on pairwise comparison. User studies show a high correlation between the proposed method and holistic, page-wide human judgements.
- Jagadeesh Jagarlamudi et al. – Fractional Similarity: Cross-Lingual Feature Selection for Search
A method for improving foreign (as in non-English) search result ranking by gathering hints from equivalent rankings in more frequently-observed languages.
- Kamran Massoudi et al. – Incorporating Query Expansion and Quality Indicators in Searching Microblog Posts
The authors identify a range of features (general textual vs. micro blog-specific ones) to identify credible posts from which subsequent query expansion terms are extracted.
- Gabriel Dulac-Arnold et al. – Text Classification: A Sequential Reading Approach
The authors present a sequential reading problem of text classification. They propose using a probabilistic model to determine at which point the classification does not improve significantly by reading further lines of the document.
- Jinyoung Kim et al. – An Analysis of Time-Instability in Web Search Results
A nice survey of the frequency at which top-ranked result lists change for major search engines.
- Wolfgang Gatterbauer – Rules of Thumb for Information Acquisition from Large and Redundant Data
An overview of clever sampling heuristics to approximate exhaustive reads of textual collections.
- Elena Smirnova et al. – A User-Oriented Model for Expert Finding (Best Paper)
The authors introduce novel considerations into expert finding based on the searcher. An expert’s proximity to the searcher (with respect to a social network, organizational chart of an institution or a building’s office layout) as well as the relative expertise given the searcher are discussed.
PuppyIR presented their query assistance demonstrator for children. The open source code base of the demo can be obtained from Sourceforge.
This month’s Language and Speech Colloquium at Radboud University Nijmegen targeted “Internet Data for L&S research”
Carsten Eickhoff – An Introduction to Crowdsourcing
Crowdsourcing is a topic of growing interest for many fields of research and industry. It facilitates outsourcing short and simple tasks which require human cognitive abilities to a large pool of potential workers. Traditional examples of such human intelligence tasks (HITs) are image tagging, text annotation or the creation of quality judgements.
A commonly observed problem in crowdsourcing environments is the presence of workers who strive to maximize their financial efficiency by completing as many HITs as possible in a given period of time. This approach leads to very low overall result quality and often rends the HIT useless for the requester. In most cases it is easy to identify workers who repeatedly produce quick low quality results to increase their financial gain. However, this identification step requires additional resources such as time or money. In our work we demonstrate how innovative and non-repetitive HIT design can a priori discourage sloppy, gain-driven workers from taking up our HITs without having to invest further resources in identification and rejection.
Claudia Peersman (University of Antwerp) – Age and gender prediction on Netlog posts
In recent years social networking sites and chat applications have redefined how people communicate. Millions of people use social networking sites to support their personal and professional communications by creating digital communities. A common characteristic of communication on these online social networks and in chat rooms is that it happens via very short entries using non-standard language variations, which makes this type of text a challenging text genre for natural language processing.
In this presentation we will discuss some of the main characteristics of our corpus of chat texts, which we collected from the Belgian Netlog social networking site and present the results of our exploratory study in which we apply an automatic text categorization approach for the prediction of age and gender in this Netlog corpus. In spite of the challenging characteristics of this type of data, our results show that it is feasible to reach useful performance for both age and gender prediction.
Lately, crowdsourcing has become an accepted means of creating resources for tasks that require human intelligence. Information Retrieval and related fields frequently exploit it for system building and evaluation purposes. However, malicious workers often try to maximise their financial gains by producing generic answers rather than actually working on the task. Identifying these individuals is a challenging process into which both crowdsourcing providers and requesters invest significant amounts of time.
Based on our experience from several corwdsourcing experiments Arjen P. de Vries and I compiled an overview of typically observed malicious strategies on crowdsourcing platforms and evaluated how careful HIT design can discourage cheaters. Based on a range of experiments, we conclude that malicious workers are less frequently encountered in novel tasks that involve a degree of creativity and abstraction. While there are various means of identifying forged submissions, setting tasks up in a non-repetitive way and requiring creative input can greatly increase the share of faithful workers.
“How Crowdsourcable is Your Task” is going to be presented at the WSDM 2011 Workshop on Crowdsourcing for Search and Data Mining (CSDM) in Hong Kong, China.
The Internet plays an important role in people’s daily lives. This is not only true for adults, but also holds for children; however, current web search engines are designed with adult users and their cognitive abilities in mind. Consequently, children face considerable barriers when using these information systems. At ECIR 2011 in Dublin, we will demonstrate the use of query assistance and search moderation techniques as well as appropriate interface design to overcome or mitigate these challenges. This demonstrator builds on the modular base infrastructure of the open source PuppyIR Framework.
I gave a 1 hour introduction to Information Extraction with special focus on Named Entity Recognition (NER) and Relation Detection for the MSc level course “Speech and Language Processing” at the University of Twente, Enschede. The lecture slides are available on-line.
Content-sharing platforms such as YouTube or MyVideo are experiencing huge user numbers that are still rising very quickly. Among the users there is a steadily growing share of children. In spite of this tendency the content of many popular videos is not suitable for children and should therefore not be shown to them. In our work we present an automatic method for determining a shared video’s suitability for children based on non-audio-visual data. We evaluate its performance on a corpus of web videos that was annotated by domain experts. We finally show how community expertise in the form of user comments and ratings can yield better prediction results than directly video-related information.
“Identifying Suitable YouTube Videos for Children” together with Arjen P. de Vries was accepted as a full paper at the NEM Summit.
“Web Page Classification on Child Suitability” together with Pavel Serdyukov and Arjen P. de Vries was accepted as a short paper at CIKM 2010.
Poster session at S3MR 2010 in Interlaken, Switzerland.